Medicaid is a federal and state program that helps with medical costs for people with limited income and resources. Medicaid also offers benefits not normally covered by Medicare, including nursing home care and personal care services.
The Medicaid program covers 1 in 5 Americans, including many with complex and costly needs for medical care. The program is the principal source of long-term care coverage for Americans. The vast majority of Medicaid enrollees lack access to other affordable health insurance.
Medicaid covers a broad array of health services and limits enrollee out-of-pocket costs. Medicaid finances nearly a fifth of all personal health care spending in the U.S., providing significant financing for hospitals, community health centers, physicians, nursing homes, and jobs in the health care sector.
Since Medicaid is a federal and state program, states administer Medicaid programs and have flexibility to determine covered populations, covered services, health care delivery models, and methods for paying physicians and hospitals.
States have the authority to test and implement approaches that differ from what is required by federal statute. Because of this flexibility, there is significant variation across state Medicaid programs.
Medicaid covers a broad range of services to address the diverse needs of the populations it serves. In addition to covering the services required by federal Medicaid law, many states elect to cover other services such as prescription drugs, physical therapy, eyeglasses, and dental care.
Research suggests that Medicaid improves health insurance coverage, access to health care, recipients' financial security, and some health outcomes, as well as economic benefits to states and health providers.
MedicaidSearch aims to help Americans get the information they need to successfully apply for Medicaid.